From Laptop Knowledge Database

    What is Undervolting?[edit]

    Components have a margin of error in terms of stability. Manufacturers push more voltage in than needed in order to make sure they're stable.

    For example, suppose a CPU needs 1 volt in order to perform its tasks. If the CPU gets less than 1V, then it will become unstable and not be able to perform its task because it does not have enough power to do so. So let's say Intel shoves 1.1V into the CPU to make sure it's stable. A slight overvolt will not hurt the CPU, but it will increase the heat output because it is running less efficiently now. The CPU is getting more power than it needs, so it's generating more heat for the same performance. This is where undervolting comes in.

    When undervolting, you, the user is doing the work to find the stable point of your CPU in order to maximize its efficiency. The less unnecessary voltage you feed the CPU, the more efficiently it can run (because again, it doesn't need to take in unnecessary power and consequently, heat). So by undervolting, you can feed this theoretical CPU exactly 1V or maybe 1.01V.

    Why doesn't intel just feed the CPU 1v from the factory? well that's because every single CPU is very very slightly different, so the exact same CPU model might need 1.02V to be stable, and another might need 0.99V. By giving it 1.1V out of the box, it ensures that all these CPUs are stable, at the expense of lower efficiency.

    Here's an example of an i5-6300HQ. Running AIDA64 without undervolting pulls about 25W of power. After a -150mV undervolt, the 6300HQ can run the same AIDA64 test at 18W of power. That means a reduction of 7W in power consumption and subsequently a reduction in temperatures (remember that processors are functionally 100% efficient heaters).

    How To Undervolt[edit]


    • To Do: explain how to do undervolting on Intel CPUs.
    • To Do: explain what RyzenADJ and co. are for Ryzen Mobile CPUs.


    There are several reasons that ThrottleStop is highly recommended over Intel XTU.

    1. XTU impacts performance. "Based on those results it is obvious that leaving Intel XTU running on your computer is not a good idea. Even when it is minimized to the system tray and not doing anything, it is still significantly reducing the performance of your laptop.".

    2. TS is more stable than XTU. Because TS works only on the software side, it is more stable. There are many reports of XTU not working after waking the laptop from sleep, while TS does not have this issue because the program starts back up after waking.

    3. Because TS is software-based only, it does not make changes to the bios unlike XTU. This means that there is almost zero risk of any permanent bricking or changes. In addition, because TS is software-based only, simply delete the .ini file containing all the settings and then all of your ThrottleStop configurations are removed.

    4. XTU is finicky, and by that what is meant is that XTU seems as to be almost impossible to complete uninstall. It is near impossible to delete all traces of XTU from a system before at least without doing a full windows reinstall.

    5. There's just less customizations you can do with XTU, such as, changing EPP settings.


    • To Do: explain how to do undervolting on Nvidia and AMD GPUs.

    Clock Stretching[edit]

    • To Do: everything